Uzbekistan – The caravan routes of the Great Silk Road
The state of Khorezmshakhs, Tamerlane’s Empire, Bukhara Emirate, Khanates of Khiva… these are only few names from the glory past of this land. Majestic ruins of fortresses, unique architectural complexes – paradise for archaeologists and people interested in history, ancient traditions and customs. This tour allows to get acquainted with the monuments of early middle Ages – Ayaz-Kala and Toprak-Kala fortresses, as well as to visit the unique museum created by Igor Savitsky in Karakalpakstan. The museum amazes by its unique ethnographical collection and masterpieces of painting.
Best period to visit:
all the year round
– ancient fortresses – Khiva
11 days/10 nights by flights of Uzbekistan Airways, Turkish Airlines
, Aeroflot (Russian Airlines)
Day 1/2: Arrival/Tashkent
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Arrival in Tashkent in the morning.
Start exploration of the capital of Uzbekistan – Tashkent was known as important trade point on the Great Silk Route. Today it is a huge modern city of European style. Visit to an old part of Tashkent with its madrassahs and mosques, then panoramic tour of modern part of Tashkent: Independence Square, Amir Temur Square, and the Alisher Navoi Theatre Square.
Day 3: Tashkent/Nukus – Ancient fortresses – Khiva (flight + 170 km + 110 km)
Morning flight to Nukus. Visit to a Savitsky museum – “Louvre of the Steps”, a treasure of art, a rich collection of paintings of the epoch of Soviet/ Russian Avant-Guard and Post Avant-Guard, collected by Igor Savitsky. Transfer to Khiva – the last capital of Khorezm region. En route visits of ancient fortresses of Toprak and Ayaz Kala (III-rd century BC).
Day 4: Khiva
Today explore Khiva -
an architectural masterpiece of Central Asia, a city of palaces and splendor minarets, unique mausoleums and madrassahs. A walk in Khiva will bring you to the world of Thousand and One Arabian Nights fairytales from a long forgotten childhood.
Day 5: Khiva – Bukhara (450km)
Drive to Bukhara
– one of the most prosperous cites of a Great Silk Road - across the Kyzylkum desert.
Day 6-7: Bukhara
Explore Bukhara over the next 2 days - Central Asia's holiest city with ancient buildings dating back to the previous millennium, the city center has century-old buildings, and almost takes you back in time. Dinner with folklore performance and presentation of national costumes at ancient madrassah.
Day 8: Bukhara – Shakhrisabz – Samarkand (300 km + 150 km)
Drive to Shakhrisabz
motherland of Tamerlane. Observation of Tamerlane’s palace - the Ak Saray “White Palace” (14th c), Kok Gumbaz Friday mosque and the Mausoleum of Dorut Tillovat. Drive to Samarkand - the city which has marvelous and attractive power. Poets and historians of the past called it “Rome of the East, “The pearl of the Eastern Moslem World”.
Day 9: Samarkand
Full day sightseeing tour of Samarkand
including majestic Registan Square, the most beautiful place of Central Asia, the Bibi Khanym Mosque, the necropolis of Shakhi Zinda and Mausoleum of Gur-Emir.
Tea-party with halva at ancient caravanserai. Dinner at local house.
Day 10: Samarkand – Tashkent (2h by train)
Continue exploration of Samarkand. Evening train to Tashkent.
Day 11: Tashkent – Departure
Transfer to airport for your next destination.