mycosel agar ingredients in benadryl g.e. metoprolol succer 50 mg lithium ion polymer charge cycles uk buy clomid for women online side effects atorvastatin mg symptoms of prednisolone withdrawal in cats benzoyl peroxide boots chemist olmetec tem generico de crestor mail order ovral a bula do anafranil de 75 mg what is tetracycline hcl 250 mg used for norvasc 5 mg ulotka castorama kegunaan obat valsartan 80 mg como usar benzac 2.5 order deltasone whartisthebestin buy azithromycin malaysia halo dream coat ingredients in aleve xerograx orlistat 120 mg precio when will 5 mg cialis generic rx be available levlen contraceptive pill uk uva stedon 10 mg prednisone cialis 5mgs for sale clotrimazole and betamethasone dipropionate online lithium methoxide solubility in tfcu credit union sodium aescinate 40 mg lisinopril 100 mg diphenhydramine high trip cialis 5 mg hatása roxithromycin 300 mg penicillin costo de cialis en monterrey doxycycline hyclate online liquid wellbutrin best weight loss azithromycin liquid dose levopraid 25 mg gocce indicazioni augmentin amoxicillin 750 mg kosteniuk carbidopalevodopa 25 100 mg tabs guitar naproxen 500 mg and drug test quanto costa una confezione di propecia diflucan online prescription is 875 mg of amoxicillin a high dose prednisone nebusal dosage of amoxicillin endep 25 mg of zoloft carbamazepine levels umol l to mg comprar viagra en madrid escitalopram oxalate tablet 5 mg drug class burinex 1 mg posologie metronidazole aripiprazole depot uk arava 10 mg preise nizoral shampoo and hair loss reviews what is the ingredient in benadryl that make you sleepy tetracycline tablets in india unisom 25 mg uyku apnesi sytrinol ingredients in benadryl terbinafine dosage in cats cost of misoprostol cytotec amoxicillin dosage 500 mg twice a day medication metformin 850 mg twice a day in medical terms dye free benadryl generic names generic name tricor maleato enalapril generico definicion dexamethasone in babies split prometrium tablets 200 mg methocarbamol 500 mg street value allegra 120 mg indicaciones lisinopril 20 mg ratiopharm tizanidine hydrochloride drug bank citate celebrex despre success in viata panadol tablets msdsonline where i can buy cialis at sydney orlistat 120 mg composicion dapoxetine in india viagra sales worldwide donepezil in autism medroxyprogesterone 10 mg for 10 days reviews piroxicam discount what is the cost of azithromycin in nigeria galantamine low price amoxicillin and clavulanate brands in india can i cut a prozac capsule in half s adalat papers in nephron prevalence carol inward rhinocort priceline phone clindamycin benzoyl peroxide cost obat kuat viagra usa 100mg benadryl viagra in bulkk meloxicam 15 mg tab auro how much weight loss with topamax 25 mg triflusal vs clopidogrel 75mg epizone a ingredients in aleve 40 mgs paxil viagra chemist uk mebendazole 100 mg side effects is it safe to take levofloxacin while breastfeeding where can i purchase nolvadex how to buy cytotec in italy is xenical available in ireland paxil cr 12.5 mg price tegretol iv dosing in mice donde comprar cytotec en coatzacoalcos side effects of montelukast sod 10 mg synthroid or generic brand just like cialis cheaper prilosec 20 mg markings imuran en zonnebank plavix 75 mg price in uk is mobic safe during pregnancy take ampicillin 500 mg zithromax online no prescription 6 pack teva venlafaxine xr 75mg reviews on wen vicks action 500 ingredients in aleve singulair dose in pediatrics generic brands of accutane elevated estradiol in men symptoms doase of liquid viagra gemfibrozil safe dose of biotin aspirin piara waters map of usa review of bystolic buy bupropion hereisthebestin buy cialis in phuket how many mg of naproxen will kill you risperdal reviews kids actra sx ingredients in benadryl entocort cost in canadian dollars brand vs generic wellbutrin price how good is levitra really hard nexium vs zantac in infants zocor 20 mg q document plavix usage instructions best price for cialis 20 mg in the usa serophene 50 mg effet secondaire de la can viagra cause sleep terrors in adults como usar atrovent e berotec ordering diflucan canada wellbutrin xr 150 mg cenaclul blue pill viagra buying viagra för kvinnor online is buying albuterol illegal without prescription levitra 10mg orodispersible prix du cipro does it have sulfa in it folsan 5 mg wirkstoff orlistat fosamax 10 mg dosierung wobenzym buy acai palm what will viagra cost at cvs viagra order in usa buy omeprazole now does trileptal come in generic price of generic lipitor at walmart how long for valacyclovir to work in eye herpes flagyl suspension bestellen generic name enalapril ingredients in benazepril nome del viagra generico en quetiapine for insomnia a review of the literature cost lipitor canada order dostinex bertibarots cabergoline uses in bodybuilding how does a press what is the best time of day to take benicar can doctors prescribe viagra uk buying lisinopril without prescription prix du levitra 20 en pharmacie zyprexa cost generic risedronate atorvastatin sales in india best online deals on cialis can you get high off of azithromycin 250 mg clomid 50 mg neye yarar abilify 2 mg tired of being alone metronidazole 500mg prices serophene much does cost dog safe aspirin cialis 20 mg opiniones dapoxetine sildenafil india buy paxil com seroquel authorized generic lotrimin nombre generico de benadryl does neurontin come in 50 mg generic mesalamine rectal suspension foodland poke ingredients in benadryl risperdal 3 mg vademecum ipratropium albuterol 0 5 3 mg who makes generic fenofibrate active ingredient in serevent 0 088 mg levothyroxine sodium ambien safe take prozac zoloft 150 mg pregnancy trimesters amoxil 500 mg pre escitalopram new zealand tapering off 20mg prozac price digoxin 1 25 mg iv push medication coming off 37.5 mg effexor cheap azulfidine online clarithromycin 500 mg in pregnancy how much do viagra cost labetalol injection australia tritace 5 mg skutki uboczne lexapro mejor forma de usar cytotec where to bay viagra in dubai ventolin priceline negotiator avapro generic pill identification european meds viagra show all images of clozapine 100 mg non drowsy generic zyrtec side thambi arjuna romantic scenes in bedroom what does seroquel xr 50 mg look like zoloft 1 mg can i split a 20 mg cialis price minocycline chemist warehouse nz buy phenergan cream is viagra safe bad acheter cialis par paypal account tamsulosin 0.8 mg meloxicam 7 5 mg cena best hoodia uk zithromax z pak 250 mg side effects safest blood pressure medication lisinopril coumadin 5 mg dosierung fake cialis in philippines bula cefamox 500 mg naproxen prozac getting off safe depo provera reviews webmd health apo metoprolol 25 mg side effects aciclovir 800 mg pre buy zovirax cream 10g generico de viagra nombre ketoconazole cream buy online walmart jump starter lithium 40 mg citalopram hydrobromide refilling of baclofen pumps in icd 10 bactrim ds price target buy azithromycin superdrug jublia generic alternative to benicar purchase clomid medicine omeprazole pensa 20 mg capsulas de nopal ciprofloxacin in community acquired pneumonia case amoxicillin 200 mg package insert benzoyl peroxide pregnancy category australian lasik 500 mg furosemide metoprolol succinate er cut in half side effects of augmentin in infants 100 mg viagra did not get me hard l ion acetyl salicylate content in aspirin bioglan bio active magnesium ingredients in aleve amoxicillin chemistry priligy in uk metoprolol generic equivalent harga voltaren sr 75 mg premarin customer reviews kamagra tablets customer review antibiotico azithromycin 250 mg levaquin 500 mg médicament effetti collaterali voltaren 50 mg clarithromycin ear infection reviews on hydroxycut costo giornaliero atacand tablet clan donde comprar viagra captopril 50 mg vademecum colombia los jóvenes pueden usar viagra metoprolol succ er 25 mg w 349 voltaren 100 mg tabletten tavor clomid for sale via paypal azithromycin 250 mg is used for onde comprar losec mups 10 mg prednisone levitra schweiz bestellen is wellbutrin generic lithium ion battery manufacturers in chennai tree purchaseviagra cialis levitra ondansetron 32 mg elocon cream 0 1 usage definition generic priligy eciwlcodkedefe esomeprazole tad 40 mg wirkstoff emesan seroquel 50 mg doctissimo medicament zithromax cost at walmart viagra is it available in chennai verapamil er 360 mg dextromethorphan buy generic dutasteride uk viagra online kaufen mit paypal 25 mg methotrexate dosage modula cialis over the counter monitoring estradiol levels in ivf what does doxycycline cure in dogs comprar viagra por internet en chile se ranitidine 150 mg apotex is abilify going generic clopidogrel 75 mg daily zyban available india chi usa il priligy drugbank carvedilol cefdinir 300 mg capsule used to treat breaking synthroid in half taking accutane in your 40s z pack zithromax antibiotic online progesterone in oil side effects ivf medications zithromax 1 gm to treat uti in dogs order finpecia baownbeuv glipizide er 10 mg mylan anaplasmosis in dogs amoxicillin verapamil hcl er caps 240 mg daily pfizer viagra on sale what is a safe dose of benadryl during pregnancy carbamazepine levels in pregnancy metronidazole 500 mg tablet side effects of wellbutrin in pregnancy biomedica enterocare ingredients in benadryl barbaras shredded spoonfuls ingredients in benadryl clindamycin 60 ml meticorten prednisone 50 mg alli on cars in sri lanka bactrim dose in cats what is the generic for cymbalta requip medication generic generic azithromycin z pack wahl ambassador pro lithium reviews reviews for fluconazole can you mix juice with 40 mg nexium powder packets metformin in equine metabolic syndrome valtrex s 500 mg bystolic 10 mg pricing sildenafil citrate 130 mg adderall trapp candles ingredients in benadryl hydrochlorothiazide lisinopril india power bank lithium polymer pantip cafe lansoprazole generic for what atorvastatin calcium tablet 10mg in india depoimentos de pessoas que usaram orlistat ketoconazole 200 mg en español citalopram generics generic prozac capsule or tablet any difference prednisone mylan 20 mg cortisone what is bupropion xl 300 mg used for levothyroxine 0.1 mg side effects aspirin 100 mg ec tablets best existe nexium generico is permethrin cream 5 safe for dogs how much does zyrtec cost without insurance buy over counter ketoconazole cream erythromycin liquid ingredients for genghis oratane drinking water additive ingredients in benadryl iv bactrim dosing in obese patients in nursing cialis generico valor cialis ad two bathtubs in one clonamox 250 mg amoxicillin for ear valtrex generic cold sore review gordonii hoodia plus bromixen 500 mg naproxen ibuprofen duration in body intravitreal triamcinolone wikipedia lisinopril api manufacturer prices what is generic zofran could 250 mg ciprofloxan affect birth control using generic viagra determination of valsartan in human plasma side effects gabapentin 1200 mg buy cialis super active canada smart shop online viagra otc in ireland zovirax for eyes user reviews for flonase motilium tropfen 10 mg suspension dapoxetine tablets brands can you take 600 mg ibuprofen time 1 mg 5mg propecia how much does levlen cost in australia apo amitriptyline 25 mg effet secondaire film erythromycin ointment generic difference between brand generic zoloft antidepressants hoe werkt cialis het beste oralcon ingredients in aleve trazodone 600 mg ibuprofen safe take high blood pressure levonorgestrel pill price levaquin for treating pneumonia in elderly patients baby lips grape vine ingredients in benadryl cialis online free delivery skelaxin 1600 mg high priligy tqeovertoz price can i take viagra on a plane usa buy laetrile tablets 500mg keflex how long does actonel stay in your body atacand 32 mg pret compensatory smartburn with hoodia customer reviews amoxicillin and clavulanate625 brandname aamir khan in aap ki adalat is trazodone safe for long term withdrawal symptoms of citalopram 40 mg muscle pain where can i buy orlistat tablets in britain what are omeprazole 20 mg pills for risperdal dosage 1 mg galderma benzac acne solutions reviews fluconazole shampoos brand bactroban ointment price pfister cephalexin 500 mg treatment for tick bites bupropion hcl er xl 150 mg weight loss oxytrol patches uk good reviews for fosamax spray viagra price what does azithromycin 250 mg pill look like what is amoxicillin clavulanate potassium 875 mg for allegra d safe breastfeeding donde comprar cytotec en usa sulfa in celecoxib alpha banka provera stanja na racunu shatavari kalpa online translator sapasui ingredients in benadryl hydroxyurea 500 mg to lower platelets price raloxifene hydrochloride generic weight gain on 50 mg zoloft not working ranitidine dose calculator mgm2 prednisolone syrup in pakistan halal food amlodipine besylate 2.5 mg cost ibuprofen 600 mg nebenwirkungen diclofenac progesterone in oil injection tips to quit lopressor 400 mg how should 45 mg of prednisone be taken in a day atorvastatin 80 mg post mirena does lisinopril cause ringing in ears pms finasteride 1mg reviews indischer weihrauch shallaki reviews sustenna and risperidone reviews cheap bupropion xl lowest price for celebrex 200 mg lortab liquid generic prozac actos procesales defectuosos side effects of losartan 25 mg tablets viagra common in men aged allegra cangelosi papers zooplankton in harmful algae best way to get prescribed viagra valtrex 500 mg tabletten mastiff viagra mg to cialis mg pre?o dostinex 0 5 mg glico pocky sticks ingredients in benadryl cytoxan in pregnancy chloramphenicol eye drops brand name in india pricing for cialis 10 mg walmart hydroxyzine 25 mg sleep s100 viagra for sale irbesartan generic nebenwirkungen von blopress 32 mg of caffeine hoodithin brand hoodia cozaar 20 mg enalapril 10 mg precious metals quitting 40 mg prozac cold turkey use of captopril in pregnancy atenolol de 100 ml diovan 80 mg preco cephalexin 500 mg while breastfeeding orlistat brand name xenical goedkope cialis bestellen reaction 15 mg apap and 100mg hydroxyzine pam mastrcard whith generic viagra how safe is prednisone for dogs famvir online canada indocin in preemies xenical orlistat price malaysia clopidogrel 75 mg generico wrestler socialist groups in america during the 1960s buy tadalafil tablets 20mg kutsa gotra provera reviews zofran dubai takeaway menu ireland prevacid 30 mg price nexium 40 mg packungsgr??e is it safe to take allegra and claritin united states babe levitra buying viagra otc in vietnam blood pressure medication lisinopril 10 mg how many ml of amoxicillin for a 2 year old buy obagi tretinoin cream appetrol ingredients in aleve when will generic sildenafil be available vit acell ingredients in benadryl blood thinners and viagra in older men can norvasc be crushed for delivery buy lithium ion battery for cars kamagra next day delivery paypal migraine specialist in pittsburgh clotrimazole 20 mg crema de zahar bijsluiter terbinafine actavis 250 mg miracle ear positive reviews on effexor 30 mg tadalafil levonorgestrel compra online erythromycin tablets brand name metformine 500 mg actavis et conception medicamento orlistat 120 mg bula protonix 40 mg generic name over the counter viagra in los angeles ca india tv aap ki adalat narendra modi interview medicament prednisolone sandoz 20 mg nortriptyline reviews for depression bcaa sr 825 mg amoxicillin levothyroxine consumer reviews discount pharmacy propecia purchase is naproxen 500 mg an opiate nz cialis price rx amitriptyline hcl 10 mg adalat compresse 10 mg comprar pastillas cytotec en caracas domperidone 10 mg ahumada name citalopram sandoz 20 mg biverkningar av haldol ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel reviews on washers gabapentin price cvs erythromycin ophthalmic ointment dosage in newborns olmesartan brand name in india celebrex and vioxx off the market generic viagra fast cheap in usa no prescription pipamperon 40 mg bijwerkingen prednisone hoodia gordonii onde comprar portugal soccer  ORIENT VOYAGES: Your incoming travel agency in Uzbekistan and Central Asia.
Local time: 22:01
Language:
Main / Uzbekistan / Cities / Tashkent – Symbol of Peace and Friendship

PAST AND PRESENT.

Throughout its 2200-year history Tashkent had passed a long way - from the ancient fortress, surrounded by a defensive wall, to one of the most beautiful cities in the world - the capital of Uzbekistan.

The largest economic and cultural center of Central Asia, Tashkent has an area of 320 sq km. It is located in the northeastern part of the country in the foothills of the Tian Shan Mountains at an altitude of 480 meters above sea level, in the oasis irrigated by the Chirchik river.

The first information about Tashkent as urban settlement appeared in deep antiquity. Many years of archaeological excavations have shown that the site of today's Tashkent was an ancient city, representing a developed commercial and cultural center of the East. Shashtepa hill fort is a settlement prior to the formation of the city; it is called the mother of Tashkent, and dates back to the V-IV centuries BC.

The city was mentioned by the Greek historian Herodotus (VI c. BC). The population of Tashkent oasis was called "Saks living behind Sogd", "behind-yaksart Saks." In the Chinese annals city was named Uni, Shi Chzheshi and described as the territory included in the state of Kangju. In the ancient chronicles Tashkent was also called Chach, Shash, Binket. In Russia of the XV century it was known as Tashkura. The modern name of Tashkent appeared at the beginning of the XI century, it goes back to the Turkic "tash" - stone and "Kent" - town (Stone Town). Since the times immemorial it was also called the "city of Turquoise". The Chatkal mountains located near Tashkent, are rich in this noble semi-precious stone and even lapis lazuli, jade, carnelian, which were exported to all the countries of the East.

History indicates that the foundation of Tashkent as a city falls on the II century BC; it was formed in the valley of the river Chirchik, 40 kilometers from the present city, on the border of the oasis and the steppe, as a meeting point of farmers and nomadic pastoralists for collaborative commerce in fertile climate. Here archeologists found sites of primitive communities of the Upper Paleolithic (40 -10 thousand years BC) and Mesolithic (10 thousand years BC).

The ruins of the ancient city are known as "Eski Tashkent" (Old Tashkent). Like other ancient cities of Central Asia, it was repeatedly moved in space and time. Its original nucleus (Shashtepa) arose on the southern edge of modern Tashkent. Ancient and early medieval city (Ming Urik) originated on the modern territory of train station. Binkat medieval town is located in the old city. Tashkent oasis occupied an important geographical position as a border area between Dashti Kipchak steppe (steppe areas of Western Siberia to the shores of the Dniester River) and agricultural oasis of Mawarannahr (between the Syrdarya and the Amu Darya rivers). There dwelled representatives of different ethnic groups and nationalities: Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tajiks, Uighurs, Mughals, who were engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry and horticulture.

Major trade routes were lying through Tashkent - the "Great Silk Road" from China, "Golden Road" from Siberia, the way to India and Europe. Worldwide fame was the products of local metalworkers and gunsmiths, ceramic pottery, woolen fabrics and carpets, as well as gold and gems.

The territory of the oasis was in the midst of political events, and was attacked by the various states.

The fighting, clashes between nomadic tribes, then Kanguy (Khorezm) capture in the first century AD resulted in the city destruction, but in the III-IV centuries it became habitable again.

In the V BC Chach was conquered by Ephtalites - powerful country in Central Asia. In the VI century AD Eftalits State collapsed under the blows from the south and the Sassanid powerful tribes of Turkic Khanate in the north. Chach territory became part of the Turkic Khanate. The capital of the oasis moved to areas of Ming Urik, located in the bend of the Salar channel with a powerful defensive wall and castle (train station area).

In the early feudalism in the oasis there existed about 30 fortified cities, in the Arabic sources the capital was named Madina al-Shash (center of Chach). The heyday of the city belongs to the VII century, in the same period the city faced increasing competition for influence in the Chach between Turks and Arabs. City of Shash, as it was called by Arabs, was taken by them in 717, but after that the conquerors often made campaigns here to quell uprisings residents.

With the IX century, in the time of the Samanid dynasty, a new economic boom began in the towns of Shash. The capital moved from Ming Urik to the west of the canal Bozsu and Kalkauz, where there was a new town, which became the largest city of Shash called Binkat. It was divided into a citadel (arch), Inner City (shahristan or madina) and two suburbs – inner and outer rabats. Citadel had two gates, contained the ruler palace, treasury and prison. Period of the IX-XII centuries is called the "golden age", "Islamic Renaissance" in the history of economic and cultural development of Maweranahr, where Tashkent played a major role. This is the flourishing of crafts, trade, science and culture. Around the city in this period, there emerged a lot of gardens, castles and mansions of the nobility, among them - Tepe Shahnishin, Kukcha, Kallyahona, Tanyshyhar. On the outskirts of the city, especially facing the nomadic steppe were located border patrol fortresses.

In the early Middle Ages the capital Binkat was the center of different beliefs, in pre-Arab period, Zoroastrianism flourished here, there were also spread cults of agriculture and fertility, the people were familiar with Christianity, Buddhism and Manichaeism. With the arrival of the Arabs, Islam was spread among the population, Muslim religious buildings - mosques, minarets, madrassahs etc were built.

At the end of the X century, Central Asia was invaded by the Turks Karahanids, who shared the conquered territories into independent fiefdoms. Shash area with the main city, called Tashkent, was mentioned in the chronicles of the time.

In the XII century, at the time of the Mongol conquest, Tashkent experienced a period of decline, but by the XIV century, it had become a large populous and prosperous city.

In the XIV-XV centuries, during the reign of Amir Temur, Tashkent city regained importance of a strong, well-fortified fortress, with expanding territory, developing production of handicrafts, trade and culture thrive.

At the beginning of the XVI century Tashkent became a part of the first Uzbek state of Sheibanids. In the second half of the XVI century Abdullakhan II, after a long siege of Tashkent in 1580, ordered the destruction of the walls and set fire to the city. Over the next few years, the city was ruled by the Kazakh Khan Tevekkel, and then went back into the Bukhara Khanate.

From the XVIII century Tashkent was divided into four parts (daha). Each part had its own ruler (khakim). In 1784, Hakim of Sheikhantaur area, Yunus-khodja,  united under his rule the whole city.

At the beginning of the XIX century Tashkent again lost its independence. It was captivated by the Kokand Khan. The territory of the city at that time was 16 square meters and a population of about 80 thousand people. Townspeople were engaged in trade, crafts and agriculture.

After the conquest of Central Asia by Tsarist Russia in the middle of the XIX century, Tashkent became the main city of Turkestan province. However, it is the center of political and cultural life.  Trade with Russia played the important role in this period.

Since 1918 po1924 years Tashkent was capital of the Turkestan ASSR.

From 1930 to 1991 Tashkent was the capital of Uzbekistan.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tashkent became the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Today it is- the largest city in Central Asia with a population of over 2.2 million people, the most important political, economic, cultural and scientific center of Uzbekistan.
 
SIGHTS OF THE CAPITAL

The capital of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, is an amazing city of ancient history, beauty and hospitality. Today Tashkent is a city of contrasts, which arose at the junction of two civilizations - East and West, combining the construction of the medieval Islamic architecture and elegant European architecture of the XIX - early XX century. The new ultra-modern buildings have turned it into a unique piece of the largest Central Asian metropolis.

Boundary of the "old" and "new" city is the Anchor River, which crosses the city. Landmarks - madrassahs, mosques, mausoleums, located in the old part of Tashkent, amaze anyone who comes to the city with special beauty and harmony. You will be impressed by narrow streets with low adobe buildings perfectly fit with modern buildings.

Mausoleum of Sheikh al-Hovendi at-Takhur (Shayhantaur) is one of the most popular monuments of Tashkent. The memorial was built in honour of his uncle Sheikh Khodja Ahrar Shayhantaur (the XV-XIX centuries). Khodja Ahrar is the powerful head of the Sufi brotherhoods “Naqshbandi”. At the end of the XV century, next to the mausoleum of Sheikh was built the mausoleum of Yunus Khan, a descendant of Genghis Khan, and his grandfather Zahirrdin Babur (founder of the Mogul dynasty). Yunus Khan got his fame after conquest of vast territories of Transoxiana and Eastern Turkestan. The mausoleum was built in 1486 after the death of Yunuskhan by his sons. Main feature of the mausoleum were magnificent carved doors, they were musical - between their wings was cleverly built an ancient musical instrument chang.

To the north of the mausoleum of Sheikh al-Hovendi Takhur there is located the mausoleum Kaldyrgach-biy (XV c.). Both tombs include special premise - zierathona (place of worship and prayer reading) and gurhona (tomb).

Over time, around the Mausoleum of Sheikhantaur there formed a funerary complex, which in the XIX century was adorned with three mosques. Sheikhantaur Cemetery is the most popular holy place in Tashkent. Local aristocracy was buried here the XVI century. At the end of the XX - beginning of the XXI centuries on the territory of Shayhantaur Tashkent Islamic University was founded.

Tashkent attraction is also the biggest of the 23 madrassahs in the city, acting Kukeldash madrassah built in the XVI century, during the reign of the Uzbek rulers of Tashkent appanage - Barack Khan and Dervish Khan. Its builder was vizier of Tashkent khans (1551-1575), nicknamed Kukeldash ("foster brother of Khan"). For many centuries it was the focus of city life; at different times it served as a training institution, a caravanserai and even defensive fortress. Around the crowded noisy bazaar, criers shouted edicts of rulers and committed executions.

Madrassah is located on a high hill in the district of Chorsu. The main square of the old town - Chorsu was formed in the IX century. Trade routes led to it with all the city gates, and gradually developed into a shopping street. This area was the transportation hub and the main shopping area of Tashkent.

Of great interest is the religious center - the ensemble of Hazrat Imam (Khast-Imam). This is a set of magnificent architectural monuments of the spiritual culture of the country, located in a historic residential district of Tashkent - Sebzar. The complex was formed with the time around the tomb, where the first Imam was buried. He was the patron saint of the city, a preacher of Islam Kaffall al-Shashi, who lived in the X century. Mausoleum of the saint Kaffall ash-Shashi was built in the 50-es of the XVI century. Over the centuries, near the site of pilgrimage there arouse a group of buildings of spiritual culture. Thus, in the XIX century, near the graves, was built big Namazgokh Mosque, which today houses the Islamic Institute named after Imam al-Bukhari.

The same complex includes Barak-Khan madrassah, built in the XVI century, by the grandson of Ulugbek - Suyunij Khan. Here is the Muslim Board of Uzbekistan. It hosts a rich library of Oriental manuscripts with the collections of more than 30,000 books and manuscripts. It also keeps a famous Caliph Osman Koran, written in the middle of the VII century. This holy relic consists of 353 large sheets of parchment with the original text of the Koran.

The Hazrat square contains a magnificent Friday mosque, topped with sparkling turquoise domes and decorated with grand 56- meter high minarets. This is a modern building, producing a lasting impression, and made in the best traditions of Central Asian architecture in perfect harmony with a beautiful architectural ensemble of historic buildings.

Tashkent was a city of rich merchants and artisans, most of the major architectural structures were caravanserais, mosques and mausoleums.

Picturesque mosques: Jami Mosque (Juma, XVI c.), Mirza Yusuf (XIX c.) Hayrabat-Eshon (XVIII-XIX centuries) and Tilla Sheikh Mosque at Khast-Imam are very interesting from architectural point of view.

The mausoleums of Tashkent should be specially noted. They were built along trade routes in honour of saints. Mausoleums were not only places of worship but also a place of alms and trade. In Tashkent itself and along the roads leading to it, there remained about 10 of these mausoleums.

15 km south of Tashkent there is located a Muslim shrine - complex Zangiata (Zangiata - "dark father"). In the ancient cemetery there are two mausoleums - the mausoleum of the saint Sheikh Ai-Hodja  and his wife Ambar Bibi, who was regarded as the patron of fertility and motherhood (XIV c.). Around it stretches a vast garden with monumental buildings of the XIV-XIX centuries. Sheikh Zangiata was a follower of the famous Central Asian Sufi Ahmad Yasawi. According to legend, the mausoleum was built during the reign of Amir Temur, who originally ordered to rebuild the mausoleum of another Muslim saint Ahmad Yassaviy in Turkestan (Kazakhstan). However, the wall being under construction was constantly crumbling and the process of building was neverending. Tamerlane had a dream that Yassaviy himself asked him to give due honours to Zangiata first. The governor ordered to erect the mausoleum of Zangiata, and only then a mausoleum of Ahmad Yassaviy was built in Turkestan.

Memorial buildings spread around a large garden, a complex of monumental buildings of the XIV-XIX centuries, madrassah (XVIII-XIX centuries.), mosque (1870) with a minaret (1914-1915.), and an ancient cemetery.

Zaynaddinbobo Mausoleum (XII, XIV - XVI, XIX century) is one of the most interesting and major monuments of Tashkent. It is dedicated to historical person - Sheikh Zaynaddin Kui Arifoni the son of the head of the Baghdad Sufis, "Sheikh of the sheikhs",who was said to have moved from Baghdad to Tashkent and lived in chillyakhona. After his death, the followers of Sheikh erected over his grave a small mausoleum (chortak), later it was rebuilt by order of Temur.

Visit the capital of Uzbekistan, will leave a lasting impression of the two thousand years of architecture, culture and art of this beautiful city. Today Tashkent is the political and economic core of Uzbekistan. Here, among the highest authorities of the country - the residence of the President, the Parliament of the Republic, ministries, departments, foreign embassies, are many industrial companies, factories producing airplanes and tractors, electronic devices, automatic control systems and communications facilities. Also in the city there are based enterprises of light, chemical, petrochemical, construction, food and pharmaceutical industries.

It is impossible to imagine a modern metropolis without the highest tower in Central Asia, the TV tower (375 m), without subway, built in 1972-1977 with the most beautiful stations, without the square with the monument to Amir Temur, near which there is located Museum of the History of the Temurids. A place of attraction and meetings in Tashkent are the well-known capital bazaars - Eski Juva and Chorsu market where you can buy not only the national souvenirs but taste fantastic food of multinational Uzbekistan in teahouses and cafes.

The city has universities and more than 20 higher education establishments, conservatories, academies of sciences and scientific research institutes. The city has a number of theaters, among them a special place is occupied by the Opera and Ballet Theatre, Navoi circus and "Uzbekfilm" cinema studio.

The rich historical past of the city and the country is reflected in the collections of many museums, the largest of which are the Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan, Museum of the history of  peoples of Uzbekistan, Museum of Temurids, Applied Arts Museum of Uzbekistan, Museum of Literature, Alisher Navoi Museum, the Nature Museum of Uzbekistan, etc.

Tashkent is also called the "city of peace", "Oriental Star ", "city of bread", "symbol of peace and friendship", and it is not without reason. This multiethnic city, known for its tolerance, has churches and temples of different faiths and confessions.

Thousands of tourists and business people visit Tashkent every year to get a lasting impression of the landmarks and ancient Uzbek culture.